India ranks first among the world’s milk producing Nations since 1998 and has the largest bovine population in the World. Milk production in India during the period 1950-51 to 2017-18, has increased from 17 million tonnes to 176.4 million tonnes as compared to 165.4 million tonnes during 2016-17 recording a growth of 6.65 %. FAO reported 1.46% increase in world milk Production from 800.2 million tonnes in 2016 to 811.9(Estim) million tonnes in 2017. The per capita availability of milk in the country which was 130 gram per day during 1950-51 has increased to 374 gram per day in 2017-18 as against the world estimated average consumption of 294 grams per day during 2017. This represents sustained growth in the availability of milk and milk products for our growing population.
Dairying has become an important secondary source of income for millions of rural families and has assumed the most important role in providing employment and income generating opportunities particularly for marginal and women farmers. Most of the milk is produced by animals reared by small, marginal farmers and landless labours. Of the total milk production in India, about 48 % milk is either consumed at the producer level or sold to non-producers in the rural area. The balance 52 % of the milk is marketable surplus available for sale to consumers in urban areas. Out of marketable surplus it is estimated that about 40 % of the milk sold is handled by the organized sector ( i.e. 20% each by C-operative & Private Dairies) and the remaining 60 % by the unorganized sector.
About 16.6 million farmers have been brought under the ambit of about 1,85,903 village level Dairy Corporative Societies (DCS) up to March 2018. Despite the slump in world market and better procurement prices by dairy cooperatives along with decrease in procurement volume by major private players led to increase in milk collection by the dairy cooperatives by about 11%. The dairy cooperatives have procured daily average of milk about 475.6 Lakh Kg per day (LKgPD) during 2017-18 as compared to 428.7 lakh kg procured during 2016-17. The sale of liquid milk reached to 349.6 Lakh Liter per day (LLPD) during 2017-18 recording a growth of 6% as compared to 331 LLPD marketed during 2016-17. Women members of the DCS are also being encouraged to assume leadership roles. As on 31.03.2018, the total number of women in dairy cooperatives across the country was 4.9 million in 32,092 women DCS which is 29.5% of total farmers.
Government of India is making efforts for strengthening infrastructure for production of quality milk, procurement, processing and marketing of milk and milk products through following Dairy Development Schemes:
- National Programme for Dairy Development(NPDD)
- National Dairy Plan (Phase-I)
- Dairy Entrepreneurship Development Scheme(DEDS)
- Support to Dairy Cooperatives
- Dairy Processing and Infrastructure Development Fund (DIDF)
Administrative Approval of Dairy Development
Milk Chilling Capacity